Rapid development in the global economy and rising standards of living at the same time, resources and environment have become major problems facing humanity. Packing in the human production, circulation and consumption activities play an important role in people's lives and the world has become an indispensable trade an important part, but the packaging waste on the environment caused by pollution and excessive packaging waste of resources has seriously affected the socio-economic of sustainable development. Therefore, how the development of green packaging, the packaging industry into orbit circular economy, has become an urgent need to resolve the issue.

First, the recycling economy and green packaging

Circular economy is the most advanced 21st century economic development model is a "waste of resources → Products → → renewable resources," the cycle. It advocates the establishment of a recycling of the material based on continued economic development model, reusable bag all matter and energy to be able to in this ongoing economic cycle in a reasonable and sustainable use, to the nature of economic activities to reduce the impact of to the smallest possible level.

Green packaging is the packaging of the product life-cycle, both the economic package to meet the functional requirements, while the ecological environment does not produce pollution, harm to human health is not able to recycle and reuse to meet the sustainable development requirements nonwoven bag. Green packaging requirements to achieve packaging reduction (Reduce), re-use of (Reuse), regeneration of recycling (Recycle), Degradable (can degrade corruption principles), which is usually the 3R1D principle, it fully into account the entire life cycle of packaging for resources, energy and ecological environment, efforts to reduce the environmental load of packaging materials, packaging functionality and to achieve a balanced and uniform environmental adaptability.

Less per capita of China's resources, resource utilization is low, according to the scientific concept of development, vigorously develop the circular economy, accelerate the construction of resource-saving society, it is extremely important, urgent. Now China's annual output of about 3,000 tons of packaging, in addition to the carton of beer bottles and plastic turnover box recycling is better, other recovery is very low, less than 20% of total production recycle PET reusable bag, packaging waste generated each year there are more than 2,500 tons of waste packaging accounted for 30% of total waste. Therefore, the development of green packaging, recycling economy road, a waste of resource conservation, pollution abatement necessary and effective way.

Second, China's barriers to the development of green packaging

(A) green packaging management laws and regulations are not perfect

At present, China has formulated a series of packaging-related laws, regulations, policies and standards. Such as "cleaner production", "Solid Waste Pollution Prevention Law" and other product and packaging design, solid waste reduction and rational use of excessive packaging, recycling and other waste materials were provided. However, the above provisions only based on the traditional economy, not the excessive packaging of goods, hazardous materials packaging, packaging waste management from generation through to the ultimate source of the treatment as a complete life cycle, recycling bag the specification of packaging waste is also only for the production - consumption - recycling - recycling - using part of one or several to be, not its entire management, contrary to the basic concept of circular economy.

(B) lack of policy support for green packaging industry

Green packaging as an emerging industry in China is still in the early stages of development, technology transfer and development needs, the use of advanced technology by the scale of production constraints and other reasons, green packaging products often than the traditional high cost of packaging products, and therefore the traditional packaging products in competition, do not have the price advantage, which led directly to the green packaging products in the market competition disadvantages. The Chinese do not have clear policies to support green packaging industry.

(C) a lack of business innovation

China's packaging industry started late, weak infrastructure, lack of technological innovation, rpet bag compared with developed countries, the overall level to 20 years behind, such as environmentally friendly PLA in packaging applications, the developed countries since 1992, applied for the first patents play the end of 2005, a total of 121 patent families open, derived from 246 patents. And China is only applied for 12 patents, domestic applicants to the end of 2005 only applied for four patents, accounting for only 3%. Innovation in science and technology investment is one of the important, experience shows that successful industrial powers, corporate research and development investments accounted for 1% of sales, business to survive, barely 2% can be accounted for 5% to be competitive, and R & D investment in China Packaging companies average less than 1%. Thus increasing efforts to train personnel and R & D investment is imperative.

(D) lack of system that promotes the concept of green consumption

Although the state has a "Water Pollution Control Act," "Forest Law" and some other resource conservation and environmental protection laws and regulations, which relates to the consumer restraint and advocates of green consumption, recycle PET bag but there is no one on regulating consumer activities and behavior regulations. Green consumption is the general public to participate in recycling economy, consumer behavior norms. And China's green consumption started late, far from being the people's consumption habits. According to the survey, 72% believed that the development of environmental protection industry to develop green products useful to improve the environmental conditions, 54% of people willing to use green products, and 38% said they bought green products. Figures from the survey, Chinese consumers green consumption has a certain understanding, the concept of green consumption began to take shape, but the real implementation, not many people, the system needs to promote the concept of green consumption.

Third, improve the green packaging system to achieve circular economy

The world practice shows, for the protection of the environment, conserve resources, promote green packaging, the most effective way is the implementation of legislation, use coercive means of packaging resources management. In the long run, China should develop "Circular Economy" as excessive, the current development of China should pay close attention to "Packaging Act" to address issues such as excessive packaging packaging waste, to achieve sustainable socio-economic development.

(A) the development of "packing method" to achieve full control of green packaging

1, to strengthen the clean production, the implementation of source control

Based on the concept of circular economy clean production and its fundamental purpose is to conduct no waste, recycle bag less waste production, pollution of the production process to achieve "zero emissions" green products and manufacturing. On the packaging, the packaging requirements of producers in the entire life cycle, follow the circular economy, "reduce, reuse and recycle" principles of conduct of economic activity, so that the environmental impact of packaging to a minimum. In the "packing method", the production of packaging products should be clear to the use of clean energy and raw materials, the form of legislation prohibiting the use of certain packaging materials, which contain lead, mercury and other elements of the packaging material; not reached the proportion of recycled or not re-use containers and packaging materials. Expressly prohibits the use of excessive packaging or disposable packaging, excessive packaging as soon as possible to develop a "degree" quantitative criteria, the source of the attention in the economic activities to save resources and reduce pollution.

2, for packaging waste to avoid, reduce and reuse to achieve the ecological cycle of packaging waste

To promote the recycling of packaging, re-use in many countries have developed laws, such as Japan's "New Waste Disposal Act," the German "Circular Economy" and "avoid packaging waste law" to require recycling printed on the packaging re-use signs. Drawing on his experience in national legislation, in the "packing method" of packaging waste should be clear to avoid, reduce and re-use principles, and implement the "polluter who is responsible, who developed the use of waste who will be encouraged and supported" the principle. First, "Packaging Act" should be provided to avoid waste, in particular, to reduce its volume and toxicity; followed by recycling of packaging waste companies must, or as available energy; the rest of the packaging waste landfill in an environmentally compatible way. Should be provided by packaging manufacturers use packaging, the waste when the recycling or proper disposal to ensure appropriate, when the product toxic ingredients too high to handle, can not guarantee compatibility with the environment, it must not enter the market circulation. Furthermore, extended producer responsibility, non woven bag china producers responsible not only for the performance of the product, but also bear the entire life cycle of the packaging is responsible for the responsibilities and obligations; products, producers and sellers should bear the costs related to recycling.

(B) to encourage and strengthen the policy-oriented combination of restrictions, to promote the development of green packaging

The Government should develop industry, finance, credit and taxation preferential policies to support and encourage the development of green packaging. Specific measures include: (1) to take the sewage charges, emission permits trading, environmental taxes and other means to improve the environmental costs of pollution, the internalization of environmental costs. (2) vigorously promote environmental resources and the resources to compensate for tax policy, a serious waste of resources, polluting enterprises, to take charge resource tax revenue measures; on resource conservation, pollution enterprises, resource tax relief may be appropriate. (3) the use of clean production technology products and less pollution, pollution-free products to support economic policies, such as through government procurement policies, procurement of good corporate environmental behavior of the product. (4) through the credit policy to increase the size of the business of credit to give discount benefits, so that good corporate environmental behavior easier access to credit. (5) through preferential tax breaks, import and export of raw materials and finished products, to give preferential tariffs and quotas, to minimize the cost of their products, promote clean production enterprises.

(C) through self-discipline, promote enterprises to implement green packaging

Industry self-regulation is an integral part of promoting green packaging. The role of any system, people are conscious only when compliance can be fully realized. Australian paint company in order to alleviate social increasing environmental pressures, an industry self-signed agreement. Under the agreement, the paint coating containers will be better re-use, reduce the consumption of packaging materials, thereby reducing packaging waste. This agreement has been highly praised by government departments. Committee of China Packaging Federation's goal of recycling economy is in the packaging industry to establish an efficient use of resources and recycling as the core in order to "reduce, reuse, recycle" the principle of clean production as an important means of green packaging , consumption and recycling use of the system, to promote the packaging industry's sustained, rapid and healthy development. On this basis, China's packaging industry associations should be based on the essence of the scientific development concept, development of industry standards, requires companies to implement industry standards and technical specifications, in order to achieve green packaging.

(D) to strengthen the green packaging business management concepts, and actively participate in international certification

Packaging companies should implement green concepts in all management activities, to actively carry out the first green certification, the implementation of ISO14000 international standards. The series of standards with the implementation of environmental protection and the elimination of the dual role of technical barriers to trade. Through the establishment, implementation of certification system, to achieve green production, both in ensuring the product's features, quality, cost, under the premise, considering the environmental impact and resource efficiency. Second, we should actively implement the system for environmental labeling products, environmental label is called to enter the international market, "green pass." Currently, there are many countries and regions to implement this system, signs related to an increasingly wide range of products, developed countries have established environmental labeling, and tend to coherence, mutual recognition. Packaging enterprises in China to carry out environmental standard, based on further signs of the developed countries of the environment, access to international exports pass, thus promoting the development of China's green packaging.

(E) to strengthen the system construction of green consumption, develop the concept of green consumption

In the modern "economic doctrine - consumerism - hedonism" model under the influence of competition, Shemi, wasteful consumption in the community is still quite serious there. Treatment of consumers to buy green packaging products, the Government is doing more publicity, but it alone is not enough to promote conscious consumption of green products, but also on the system constraints. Can learn from Japan's "environmental goods purchase method", starting with this one aspect of government spending for all levels of government should take the lead in promoting the purchase and use will help protect the environment of green packaging products to provide environmental information to the community, to support the production of environmentally friendly products and marketing. While taking advantage of tax policy on the existence of serious pollution to restrict consumption, the environmental costs into the consumer policy area, means a mandatory standard consumer behavior, such as the use of non-recyclable bottle tax, the introduction of plastic shopping bags tax, local conditions, can create environmental consumption funds, the levy on the consumer environment in the consumption tax as a fund to establish eco-compensation mechanism. At the same time, increase environmental protection and green consumer education efforts, and guide the public to actively participate in the green consumer movement, the concept of recycling economy deeply rooted.

IV Summary

Implementation of green packaging is a complicated systematic project, must proceed from the idea of
​​circular economy development, the use of laws and regulations on product packaging to regulate the entire life cycle, through government, industry, business and consumers to work together to promote eco-packaging industry saving transformation, in order to achieve green packaging, the packaging industry in building a harmonious society to play a greater contribution. Source:www.cnmhc.com