The concept of fine chemicals
So far, fine chemicals do not have a recognized, more stringent definition. Europe and some countries define the small volume of production, and according to the different chemical structure of the production and sale of chemical substances, known as fine chemicals (fine chemicals): the small volume of production, and through the preparation process, with a special function or end-use performance of the product, known as special Chemicals (specialty chemicals). Fine chemicals in China will be defined as: who can give a product enhancement or a specific function, or have their own specific features of small volume, high purity chemical products as fine chemicals, specialty chemicals are sometimes also called.
Characteristics of fine chemicals
(1) a small quantity and variety.
Both because of its fine chemicals each have specific functions, Copper Chromite(CC) special properties and unique applications to meet different requirements, so they can not be used as the basic chemical products as high-volume production methods. Itself on the amount of fine chemicals, relatively speaking, not very big, for each specific species is output from a few hundred kilograms to thousands of tons or more months. Variety is not only a characteristic of fine chemicals, fine chemicals comprehensive level of evaluation is an important symbol. With the fine chemical applications has been expanding and upgrading products, special varieties and species specific production of more and more.
(2) specific features and special nature.
Each product has its own chemical properties, fine chemical products, chemical products and a large performance difference is more focused on fine chemicals products with specific functions, which product has the relatively narrow range of applications, specific performance, Triphenyl Bismuth and general weak features. Most of the specific features of fine chemicals and consumers are often directly related to the product's features and thus can meet the demands of consumers is particularly important. Such as the household is to use liquid detergent surfactant compound formed, and if used for washing clothes, washing machine automation is required under the washing time must have a good washing effect; if used to wash dishes, requires oil has a strong ability to non-toxic to the skin without irritation. In addition, some special fine chemicals for the consumer of the design. Specific features of fine chemicals is also reflected in its use of small changes can have a significant effect.
Classification of fine chemicals
Wide variety of fine chemical products, which include a wide range. The scope of national fine chemical production technology is based on their chemical levels and living standards identified by a combination of factors, not identical, and with the development of science and technology continuously adjusted.
Characteristics of fine chemical production
High-tech intensive
Technology-intensive is an important feature of fine chemicals. Fine Chemicals is a comprehensive and strong technology-intensive industries, fine chemicals, based on the comprehensive functions of goods occurs. First, in the synthesis process to filter the different chemical structure; in the formulation should give full play to the production of fine chemicals and other materials with their own features synergies; there on the commercialization of a compound process, 10-Hydroxydecanoic Acid in order to better play the product excellent performance. These three processes are interrelated and mutually constraining. This is the fine chemical production a major cause of high technology-intensive.
Integrated production process and multi-plant
Variety of fine chemicals, bulk small, reflected in the production process on the need for frequent replacement and updates varieties. Coupled with the majority of fine chemicals starting from the basic raw materials, need to go through many processes, the depth of processing of a long process to the system. In order to meet these fine chemicals production characteristics, widely used in recent years, many varieties of integrated production processes and use of broad, multi-function devices intermittent production. This approach has achieved good economic benefits, but the production quality of management and operations staff also put forward higher requirements.
Extensive use of compounding technology
Compounding technique known as 1 +1> 2 technology. Of two or more major components or additives after the main bridle points and compound, when used to obtain performance far superior to the effect of a single component. The production of fine chemicals widely used in compounding technology, with specific functionality for a variety of products to meet the needs of a variety of specialized purposes. Many synthetic chemical products, processed into a variety of dosage forms in addition to requirements (such as powder, granule, liquid, etc.), but also often added to compound a variety of other agents, both to meet the specific performance, but also to expand the use of the range. For example, adhesive formulations, divided by the main base, but also the addition of curing agents, Octylferrocene accelerators, plasticizers, antioxidants, etc. After a compound in a number of commercial products, their composition or even a dozen. Therefore, after processing and re-formulations made with technology the number of commodities, far more than a single product by the number of synthesized. Far as the cosmetics, the commonly used alcohol, but several, but after a compound derived from the commodity is variety. Obtained using a complex technology with the goods, with efficiency, modified and expanded the scope of application features, its performance is often more than a single structure of the product. Therefore, the master compound technology is to make fine chemical products with an important competitive tool, but also the development of fine chemicals should be a very important part.
Strong commodity
Because a wide variety of fine chemicals, commodity strong, highly selective users of commodities, the market is extremely competitive, development and application of technology and technical services is the organization fine-chemical production of two important aspects. Therefore, the fine chemical manufacturers in the technology development should also actively develop new products and technical services to enhance competition, develop new markets, increase credibility. At the same time, but also in time to market feedback to the production plan to go to increase the economic efficiency of enterprises. Fine chemical companies attach great importance to foreign technology development, technology application and technology aspects of the coordination of these services is reflected in the proportion of technical staffing, Musk R-1 technology development, production management and product sales (including technical service) roughly 2:1 ratio of staff : 3, this ratio is a worthy lesson.
Economic characteristics of fine chemicals
High value-added
Added value is the value of the product is deducted in the raw materials, taxes, depreciation of equipment and plant parts remaining after the value of this part of the production value is processed from raw materials to begin the process of the final product actually add value. It includes profit, workers labor, power consumption, and technology development and other expenses, so called added value. Added value is not equal to profit, because a large depth of processing, fine chemicals suppliers the workers' labor and power consumption is also large, the cost of technology development will increase. May reflect the high value-added products in the processing of the necessary labor, technology utilization and profits higher or lower. General bulk chemical products, raw materials rate (the ratio of raw material cost and value) of 60% to 70% value-added ratio (the ratio of added value and output value) of 20% to 30%; and fine chemical products, raw materials, compared with rates 30% to 40% value-added rate of about 50%.
Investment in high efficiency, high profit margins
Investment in added value and efficiency is the ratio of fixed assets. Fine chemical investment, investment and high efficiency. Profits only from the point of view, fine chemicals and high profits. According to the 1977 to 1980 the world's 100 major chemical companies look at the statistics, the sales margin of 15% or more of a 6O companies, are in the production of fine chemicals. Reasons for the high profit margins to a greater extent from the technological monopoly; another to achieve the required product quality is also very important, these are high-profit can not be ignored. Source: